Glaucoma refers to a group of disease that cause damage to the optic nerve. This results in loss of peripheral vision and if severe, total loss of vision.
Medications are used most frequently to treat glaucoma.
In certain subtypes of glaucoma, such as narrow angle glaucoma, a Laser Peripheral Iridotomy (LPI) may be required to create a bypass track in the iris for the aqueous fluid in the eye to exit the eye, in order to prevent an acute rise in eye pressure that could damage the optic nerve.
In patients with Open Angle Glaucoma, Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT) may be a useful adjunct to medications or serve as primary treatment to lower the eye pressure in glaucoma.